Ticks Of New York and New Jersey &
Ticks are blood-feeding parasites that are often found in tall grass where they wait to attach to a passing host, whether it be an animal or a human. A tick will attach itself to its host by inserting its cutting mandibles and feeding tube into the skin. The feeding tube is covered with re-curved teeth and acts as an anchor.
Lyme disease has become a serious problem in both and New York and New Jersey. You contract Lyme disease from the bite of an effected tick. In fact, ticks are vectors of a number of diseases, including but not limited to Lyme disease, Colorado tick fever, tularemia, tick-borne relapsing fever and tick-borne meningoencephalitis.
Black-legged or deer ticks are orange to brown or black in color and small in size, just about 1/8″. They are from the arachnid family. These ticks get their name because they often feed on the blood of the white-tailed deer.
Ticks are especially common in areas where there are deer trails and/or human tracks. Ticks are especially prevalent near water, where warm-blooded animals come to drink, and in meadows where shrubs and brush provide woody surfaces and cover.
Ticks can be found year-round, but are most visible in the warm summer months. They feed on blood, so they are continually looking for a host to latch onto for a meal. When hosts cannot be found, a tick can go for months, sometimes more than a year, without feeding.
Animals that live in your home, like dogs and cats, can easily bring ticks into your house. After feeding for a couple of days, the ticks will drop off of the host and lay eggs. They look for tiny crevices to store their eggs, which means that you could soon have a large infestation of ticks in your home. Getting rid of a tick infestation takes time because eggs can hatch months later, long after you think you have the situation under control.
Life Cycle & Activity Periods
Most tick species live in the woods and fields and simply catch a ride and feed on passing animals and people. Few species occur as pests in the home. The Brown Dog Tick stands as an exception as they often become established where dogs live and can become a serious issue in kennels and homes.
There are four stages in a tick’s life cycle and they are egg larva, nymph, and adult. An egg-mass laid by a tick can contain several thousand individual eggs and these eggs hatch between June and September. The Eggs hatch into tiny 6 legged larva. These larva stay in the ground in leaf litter until a host passess. The adult ticks are active mostly between mid October through early December and can remain active in temperatures as low as 36 degrees.
How To Get Rid Of Ticks
Pesticide control of ticks is somewhat limited. Store bought chemicals lack the residual effects that professional grade pesticides provide and are necessary for effective treatment.